If you're serious about making money online, start a blog. Blogging is one of the easiest and most sustainable income sources. As long as the blog is setup the right way, in the right niche, with the right content targeted at the right audience, and the offer is complementary to the content, you could make a tremendous amount of passive income from a blog.
Successful people have a different approach. Instead of trying everything and “seeing what works,” they have a system — a step-by-step plan that guides them from finding their first profitable idea to figuring out what people need their services and getting paying clients. Everything else, from blogging to getting better business cards, is a time-waster they eliminate.
There are many freelance options for graphic designers who are looking to make money online. Designing layouts and graphics for promotional material, corporate reports, magazines or book covers, are all tasks that businesses are looking for online freelancers to complete. Due to its flexible nature, graphic design possibilities can range from one-off projects, to ongoing work with regular clients.
White labeling products involves purchasing pre-made products from a supplier and then adding your own labeling and branding. Products could range from candles to gym equipment or even tea, but all will come without labels, allowing you to create your own new range of merchandise. Most suppliers will advertise the fact they offer white labeled goods on their websites, so pick your niche and then find the right supplier and product for you. Once labeled, products can be sold via sites like eBay and Amazon, or from your own eCommerce store (discussed in a moment).
Once you can overcome the initial resistance to this, you can ultimately make money in whatever opportunity you step into. Whether that means it's a passive income opportunity such as by writing ebooks or audiobooks, or it means engaging in active income activities like promoting your own course or affiliate offer or conducting a live webinar. There is real power in the list.
I know the feeling Chaz. If there is one thing all successful Freebie Traders have in common, it’s that we all spent a bunch of time learning the system, lol. Hey, we all can do better at what we are currently doing and that’s the reason for what we will be doing. As long as we are all learning and improving, that’s what counts. Glad to have you on board.
The next step? How will you communicate with people. Sharpe says that you need to decide on this early on. Will you blog? Will you use social media? Will you build a list by working with solo ad providers? Will you place paid advertisements? What will you do and how will you do it? What you must realize here is that you have to get really good at copy writing. The better you get at copy writing, the more success you'll find as an internet marketer.
Upwork: This website offers a great marketplace for selling just about any professional service. You don't need a merchant account, website of your own or anything else for that matter. All you need to do is be able to provide a high-quality service at a reasonable price. But be informed, you will have to compete with many others that are constantly bidding on open jobs.  

"I also use MyGirlFund to help out my financial situation — I know that going to university will be expensive and MyGirlFund is going to enable me to actually go to uni and live a bit more comfortably whilst I'm there. ... I am totally myself on MyGirlFund, although possibly more flirty than I would be in real life, because the site and the compliments enable me to feel more confident about myself."


Uneven distribution of engagement: As we already mentioned, uncertainty doesn’t only reflect on your salary but also stress level. In a period of time there may be many chances to earn extra cash and they can occur at the same time. Take online surveys for example. One week you may get screened for 1-2 surveys and then suddenly get 10 in one day and end up filling them out all day, while trying to comply with your other obligations.
Yoonla is an affiliate marketing and CPA ( cost per action ) program.this action is getting people to sign up to Yoonla and it is as simple as just having them provide an email and a password for their account.Let’s put it this way, Yoonla is affiliate marketing without having to make a single sale !This makes it perfect for anyone to start out, all you need to do is to get sign ups and this process doesn’t involve money. So most people won’t be thinking too much about it anyway which makes it much easy money.One of the key reasons that I fell in love with Yoonla is because Yoonla’s foundation membership is absolutely free, for life.Yoonla also has a VIP membership available ( this is needed to become an affiliate ).Yoonla is a great place to start if you have no experience. If you’re a beginner in affiliate marketing there’s a high chance that you might not know what you should be doing. In that case the training in Yoonla will guide you on the right track.You get paid $2-$4 per sign up depending on which country that person is from. These are considered pretty good rates for a CPA program and I really don’t think that it’s that hard to get a few sign ups per month to cover the cost of being a VIP member.easy money
So we have to ask, why are these women really using the site? The money's important — and they do make quite a bit. It's hard to pin down average figures because people work different hours on the site, but one user has said she made up to $55,000 in a year. NaughtyJo even tells me someone bought her a new phone after she broke her last one. And men are paying these sums for friendship at least as much as they are titillation: perhaps more so.

And this is the rub: Does the success of MyGirlFund tell us something rather profound about how society's changed? Stefan Patrick says yes: "You've hit on a very interesting point that I think deserves more discussion. One trend we've noticed is that young women who grew up on the internet are comfortable carrying on virtual relationships with strangers. They're pros at sexting and don't mind sharing racy photos of themselves, but they have never worked — and will never work — at a strip club, a webcam site, or in the adult film industry.


That “urgent” email from a wealthy Nigerian Prince who claims to have a fortune with our names on it, to the blaring online video by the latest rambling internet marketer who swears we can get rich by using their system, to the late-night infomercial that beckons us to try a simple system that countless others have used to get rich, we’ve just about seen it all, haven’t we?
Do you have a voice that Simon Cowell would pay a compliment to? Are you a talented graphic designer that can take any concept and bring it to life? Are you an artist who can give Michelangelo a run for his money? If so, sites like Task Rabbit and Thumbtack are great platforms to sell your skills. These aren’t only limited to those with creative skills; you can sell editing services, research services, typesetting, and the list goes on.

Next, you need to set up and build your YouTube channel. Your YouTube channel is your homebase for all your content. If you already have a Google account for Gmail or Google Drive, then you can use that to log-in to YouTube and start setting up your channel. Pick a username that works for you and is memorable (if you’re using an existing Google account you’ll have to edit your username in Google+).
 iWriter – iWriter is an old site which pays up to $15 for each accepted post. That may seem small, but they aren’t as strict as many of the others above, they are also recognised by many sites and are well known and famous. The thing i like about them is that they also allow you to pick exactly what you write. You can write as many or as few articles as you want. They will also assign you a category of writers and people can self choose you for their writing needs.
If you are a confident web developer then designing your own themes is an obvious path to follow if you are looking to make money online. ThemeForest sells a wide assortment of developers themes, including themes for WordPress, Shopify, Weebly, and Tumblr, to name a few. Once you have created your theme, get it accepted onto the ThemeForest marketplace and make money each time it sells.

can’t always judge a book by its cover. I try not to judge people too harshly, especially based on how they look. I’m surprised man. YOu’re a musical artist. I make 5 figures a year online and if I had a dime for every person who tried to judge me based on my appearance I would be at 6 already. There’s my dirty hoodie and my cheap whiteboard behind me. Can’t believe I wanted to interview you man. Would hate for you to have to slum it up with the likes of me and the rest of the dirty shirted cheap whiteboard having marketers. Peace. -Kam


Satrap is not a financial advisor & MoneyPantry.com is for entertainment & educational purposes only. Material shared on this blog does not constitute financial advice nor is it offered as such. As mentioned in our Disclosure page, MoneyPantry may have a financial relationship with some of the companies mentioned on this site, including Credit Card providers, and as such it may be compensated with a referral/commission fee. All trademarks, registered trademarks and service marks mentioned on this site are the property of their respective owners.
Once you understand how everything works, and your expectations are set the right way, decide what you want to do. Do you want to become an affiliate marketer? Do you want to be a network marketer? Do you want to become a blogger and sell your own products? Squeeze pages, which are glorified sales pages that attract people and direct their attention towards a single action of providing their email address, are created in a variety of methods. The better they are, the more likely they'll convert.
You spoke to me, Jon. I’ve had my blog for seven months, and I’ve been trying to make it a business for about five. I’ve spent countless hours of time and very little money to build up a very strong audience both on the site and Facebook. I was a “digital marketer” before, but there are so many things I’ve had to become an expert in that I wasn’t before. I feel like I’m a completely different marketer now than when I started. And it hasn’t been very long.
The 4-Hour Workweek: Escape 9-5, Live Anywhere, and Join the New Rich by Tim Ferris – This book literally changed my life. For better or worse I can never go back to how I used to live. I'd be wealthier if I never read this book but I certainly wouldn't be happier. This book goes into quite a bit of detail about how to run a successful online business. Don't let the title fool you, to become successful you will work a whole lot more than 4 hours per week.
Since freelancing isn’t associated with a handful freelancing sites, it means you can be a freelancer without creating your profiles on those freelancing platforms. The purpose of those sites are to manage a profile as a portfolio, and if you choose the other way around, you could do it your way. However if you are going to start freelancing as your carrier then 15 Common Freelancing Mistakes Which are a ‘NO’ go for any Freelancer should be a must read for you.
While most of us are aware that social media is a great resource for online marketers, Sarah makes the argument for marketers to use Twitter. On a post from her blog, Sarah notes that Twitter is easier to learn than Facebook and LinkedIn and it can grow followers faster than other social networks. She also shared a study from Forbes that found that “Twitter is the strongest social media channel for generating business-to-business (B2B) leads, outperforming Facebook and LinkedIn 9-to-1 with 82 percent of social media leads coming from Twitter.”
As per paidsurveyupdate.com research, You’ll typically earn $0.50 to $5.00 per survey, and earnings can quickly add up to$300 a month or more if you take a lot of surveys. Earning money takes time and effort, but how much effort is up to you. If you can commit to doing a few surveys a day, you should be able to earn at least $100 a month. Please make sure that the amount varies depending upon your skill, expertise and area you live in.
Internet marketing is a number of things. And true success in the field involves an immersion into several skill sets that are required if you really want to succeed at the highest level. That's why I knew I needed to go the top of the food chain of online marketers to get an understanding of what this actually takes. And it's important to note that while there are many hyped-up gurus out there, there are also genuine individuals that aren't just looking to extract money from you.
Okay, so passive income is where it’s at. Clearly, it will allow you to scale things out and make far more money. But it doesn’t happen quickly. However, most people don’t have the upfront investments to get things off the ground when it comes to areas such as real estate, dividends from stocks or ATM and vending machines. For that reason, they need to turn to digital avenues for income generation.
Using Fiverr is a great way to pick up work. Once you have signed up you can advertise your services. Fiver allows you to create your own gigs, whether you are offering web design, digital marketing, writing, or something else. You can choose how much you want to charge (it can be more than a fiver) and people will then contact you if they are interested in working with you. Fiverr will not only help you get experience if you are just starting off as a freelancer, it will also help you earn some extra cash.
What is CPC? CPC stands for “cost per click.” By displaying CPC ads with Google Adsense, you receive a set fee every time an ad on your website is clicked by a visitor. The cost per click is set by the advertiser. (This is in contrast to CPM ads, where you’re paid for ad views instead of clicks. CPM means “cost per thousand impressions,” where M is the roman numeral for 1,000.)
If it’s not clear yet, information and expertise are two of the most consistent and lucrative ways to make extra money online. If you don’t like talking on the phone, you can sign up to get paid to answer professional questions on JustAnswer. There are thousands of questions being asked every month from people looking for help from lawyers, doctors, mechanics, vets, and more. To apply, you’ll need to supply your professional verification, resume, and a form of identification.

A popular tactic to make money on social media is to pay for advertising affiliate products. Create ads for particular affiliate products that are big sellers and have a high yield. Then target these ads at specific custom audiences to ensure your ads are viewed by those who will have an interest in the product you are promoting. If viewers click through your from advert to the product page and make a purchase then you will earn an affiliate fee.
Working as a freelancer is a great way to make money online from the comfort of your own home. The beauty of freelancing is that you can tailor it to suit your needs. You can freelance for a couple of hours a week in the evenings to help save up for a holiday or some much needed home improvements. Or carve out a full-time job for yourself, giving you a more satisfying work-life balance and enabling you to do the simpler things in life like taking the kids to school. With so many jobs available online, freelancing is becoming more and more popular.

I saw this Panda in Hong Kong. He was just facing the wall in this concrete room instead of hanging out in the fake grass. We could only see him through the TV monitor. I saw this look a million times when I used to work in an office. Why should you start making money online? Freedom. You don't want to end up like Prison panda. You can be free IF you work to get there.

By building enormous amounts of value, Facebook and Google both became tremendously successful. They didn't focus on revenues at the outset. They focused on value. And every single blog and business must do the same. While this might run contrary to someone who's short on cash and hoping that internet marketing is going to bring them a windfall overnight, it doesn't quite work that way.
If you love to travel and find yourself randomly searching for airfare sales or browsing Lonely Planet, why not carve out a niche for yourself as a private travel agent? My friend, Mark Jackson did just that, making extra money online with his travel consulting side business. Start with word of mouth recommendations from friends who know they can count on you for the cheapest flights, and then move on and create a Facebook or LinkedIn group to invite people who want to stay on top of the latest deals. Eventually you could spin this into a full-time consultancy teaching people how to make their dream trip a reality.
Was it just that I was unlucky? No, it wasn't. It was that I was looking for a Get Rich Quick scheme at the time. I had been convinced that there was a trick to making money on the internet, and that some of these people knew the trick. If only I could get into what they are doing, I would never have to worry about finances again. I mean, just think about it – If he made $25,000 out of $1,800, can you imagine how much money I could make out of $4,800? I can, and the answer was $136.
Why am I telling you all of this? The answer is pretty simple. I want you to get the understanding that making money online (at least in the initial stages), takes A LOT of STUDY and WORK! That's the unknown secret of Internet Marketing Gurus. Anyone can make a few hundred dollars. To be quite honest, you can make a few hundred dollars in your FIRST MONTH as a Freebie Trader. To be even MORE honest, it's much harder to profit $2,000+ each and every month, which is the reason I built this blog, and so many other people have their blogs on Internet Marketing – To save you the struggles that we had in getting going.
WOW, this post sums up exactly how I’ve been feeling lately. Being about 1 year into the internet marketing game I have found that time is definitely a critical asset. What you save in money will definitely cost you in time AND in order to succeed there is a certain number of hours required in preparation. No shortcuts! I could “amen” this post all day.
Thanks to the internet there are now a wide assortment of ways to make money online. So if you are stuck in a dead-end job and would like to change your life around then this guide will provide actionable strategies to enable you to do so. Whether you are looking for ways to make a bit of extra money, or create a full-time income stream, there are plenty of opportunities to do so, all online and from the comfort of your own home.

I keep a high energy, positive vibe when talking about making money online. If you work INTELLIGENTLY, it becomes quite easy. It is really easy, actually, but so few people act intelligently, it’s scary. Take my comments. If I write a really in-depth, value-packed comment on this blog, and on Problogger, my SEO juice goes through the roof, my blog reaches page 1 or 2 of google for a very competitive keyword, and I get 500 to 1000 hungry eyeballs on my blog, an any given day. Not bad for 5 to 10 minutes of offering my opinion, right? So for me, it’s easy to drive tons of targeted traffic to my blog, and make money. But if you scroll the comments section, most people do not act intelligently. No impactful comments. No click throughs. No backlink juice. Poor search engine rank.
I would like to warn people to freelance on a single platform, Fiverr and Upwork for example are arbitrarily closing accounts of thousands and thousands of freelancers who have been working hard sometimes for many years to build their portfolio, only to get their account closed in a matter of minutes because some rules and policy changed, and a little mistake (like for instance asking a customer to change a review in exchange of improving the delivery) would get your account PERMANENTLY suspended with all your money frozen for 90 days.
Thanks for the comments. Ironically, this post showed up in my RSS about 10 minutes after I asked myself why I was not getting the conversions I expected. If nothing else, it was encouraging. I get several thousand hits to my blog each year. My problem is that I get hits from all over the nation and my industry (health insurance) requires a state license. I can only offer general advice to people in Califonia. In order for me to earn any money, my prospects have to live in one of the states in which I am licensed and have a competitive product. I have tried advertising on Facebook for hits in my state but have been underwhelmed. I need more state specific hits. Does Google advertising work or would you have another idea for building state specific readership.
White labeling products involves purchasing pre-made products from a supplier and then adding your own labeling and branding. Products could range from candles to gym equipment or even tea, but all will come without labels, allowing you to create your own new range of merchandise. Most suppliers will advertise the fact they offer white labeled goods on their websites, so pick your niche and then find the right supplier and product for you. Once labeled, products can be sold via sites like eBay and Amazon, or from your own eCommerce store (discussed in a moment).
Have you ever written about earning cash through ebates.com? I love to spread the word, especially around the holidays before people make their holiday purchases online. For joining ebates you get a gift card (after you make your first online purchase through one of their links – super easy). Then you can use their coupons and get to your shopping sites through their links to earn cash back. If you refer people to their site you also get referral fees. Right now, if you refer 3 people you get $75.00. Bloggers tend to be able to get lots of referrals, so you can really rack up your referral bonuses! :) Check it out through my website link!
Market your course: The beauty of using a course to make money online is that you can continue to sell it for as long as you’d like. Look for niche communities on Facebook, LinkedIn, or Reddit that might benefit from your content. Guest post on relevant blogs and sites. Look for anywhere you might be able to get in front of the right people. With just a few hours a month you can continue to generate sales.
If you have a great memory, can pay attention to details, and report on what you see and experience, then making money as a secret shopper will be a cinch for you. Becoming a secret shopper is as simple as you registering with a company that provides that service, then going undercover to different stores and reporting your experience as a customer. You are paid for your insight and while you are at it you can enjoy some free meals, traveling and shopping. Not only are you earning money and perks but you are also helping to set the tone for how real clients should be treated.

But money still matters. Like everyone I speak to, NaughtyJo has things to say on the issue. She talks about the downside earning money in dollars, and the exchange rates: "With it being an American site, I have to stay up late — my son is a go-karter and it's an expensive sport. Through this site I've been able to get him racing and he is doing well. Most of the money that I make on here goes towards that."

If you are really short on cash and need some immediate funds then you should start by looking around your house. Clear out your cupboards and find any items lying around that you don’t need or haven’t used for a while. Then sell them on eBay. Just because they are gathering dust in your cupboards, doesn’t mean someone else won’t snap them up. Simply sign up with eBay, list your products and then, as they are sold, send them off to the buyers.


This is a fantastic article and it really has given me help. I want to go to this thing in the summer called Creation Fest and it has music and speackers to celebrate God and it costs a lot! I was looking for help and I found this. $100+ seems easy at first but then your stuck when your my age. Thanks a whole bunch and I will probably come back again.
This is an interesting list Mel. I’ve been running my own side hustle for 5 years now (website marketing service). It’s been a very rewarding ride with both up’s and down’s. Learning how to build and run a business is an awesome experience…and doing it on the side is even better because you don’t have the same pressures as if it were your sole source of income!
Thanks for the comments. Ironically, this post showed up in my RSS about 10 minutes after I asked myself why I was not getting the conversions I expected. If nothing else, it was encouraging. I get several thousand hits to my blog each year. My problem is that I get hits from all over the nation and my industry (health insurance) requires a state license. I can only offer general advice to people in Califonia. In order for me to earn any money, my prospects have to live in one of the states in which I am licensed and have a competitive product. I have tried advertising on Facebook for hits in my state but have been underwhelmed. I need more state specific hits. Does Google advertising work or would you have another idea for building state specific readership.
So we have to ask, why are these women really using the site? The money's important — and they do make quite a bit. It's hard to pin down average figures because people work different hours on the site, but one user has said she made up to $55,000 in a year. NaughtyJo even tells me someone bought her a new phone after she broke her last one. And men are paying these sums for friendship at least as much as they are titillation: perhaps more so.

Has anyone ever told you you have a voice for radio? Are you great at creating original characters with just your voice? There are tons of people looking to pay for quality voice overs for their corporate videos, animation series, or educational videos. Check out Fiverr and UpWork or create a profile on a specialized site like Voices.com or The Voice Realm to get started making money online doing voice overs.
You’re here because you want to learn how to make money online.  And, you’re not alone.  Most people do and we all have different reasons for doing so.  If you’re like me, then you want to spend more time with family and avoid the hustle and bustle of a daily commute.  For others, making money online means owning their time and not having to answer to anyone else.
Writing copy for websites is another great freelancing option for those who have a way with words. Copywriting can involve writing the text for websites, press releases, promotional offline materials including leaflets and brochures, and any other professional text for businesses. Writing copy can be better paid than blog writing. However, clients can be more fussy, as they want the highest quality writing for the forefront of their website or advertising campaigns. Many freelance writers offer both copywriting and blog writing amongst their services. This can be a good way to juggle regular but lower paid clients (blogging) with the higher paid but ad-hoc project based copy work. 

Similar to a YouTube vlogger, if you have a large following on Instagram then you could become an Instagram Influencer. You will be paid to promote products in your photos, from wearing certain clothes to action shots of you using particular merchandise. As your Instagram following grows, you may start out simply receiving freebies in return for a picture of you with the item in shot. However, for those with followings running into millions, you can expect large payments to display products in your pictures. Use sites like Hype Factory to help connect you with companies prepared to pay for your influence.
White labeling products involves purchasing pre-made products from a supplier and then adding your own labeling and branding. Products could range from candles to gym equipment or even tea, but all will come without labels, allowing you to create your own new range of merchandise. Most suppliers will advertise the fact they offer white labeled goods on their websites, so pick your niche and then find the right supplier and product for you. Once labeled, products can be sold via sites like eBay and Amazon, or from your own eCommerce store (discussed in a moment).
How many email newsletters are you bombarded with every single day? There’s a reason for that. Marketing to an actively interested group of email subscribers is one of the best ways to make money online. There have even been million-dollar businesses built from simple email newsletters like TheSkimm, or Mister Spoils. Each newsletter targets a specific type of user with interesting, daily content, while also partnering with relevant companies and affiliates to bring in extra money. If this seems daunting, it’s not. Tools like MailChimp, ConvertKit and AWeber make it easier than ever to get started with email marketing. And another great option to consider (with the largest free plan available) is SendPulse, with their ability to send up to 15,000 emails per month to 2,500 subscribers, and then affordable plans starting at under $10/month as you grow from there.
For your information, if you will buy 12 months of blog hosting via my Bluehost link you are going to get 1 free domain as well, and the cost is going to be dirt cheap at annual package and it’s fairly easy to earn money from blogging too if you have a self hosted blog and you know how to monetize it well, also if you have bought it from my link and still having troubles, then reach me for a FREE setup, Good luck!
I find approaches to making online money interesting. Some multi-millionaires tell you it’s easy, and really, someone’s buying in, a lot of people are, because these people become multi-millionaires. Yes, they are right. It is easy, but the point which is left out, is that you must follow simple steps every day, and most people don’t follow the steps. Most people give up. Most people throw in the towel after a few days, or weeks, or months.
Rose and others looking for employment this summer: Retry the babysitting idea. Summer is a good time to babysit. Maybe volunteer a few times first and then use those families as references. Tell everyone you know that you are available to babysit. Use email, Facebook, fliers, word of mouth. Also try offering a set time every week, like Tuesday evenings form 5-9 pm in your home. Parents know they can drop off their children without calling ahead. They really appreciate that. It takes time and persistence to get the word out, butit can be done!

Was it just that I was unlucky? No, it wasn't. It was that I was looking for a Get Rich Quick scheme at the time. I had been convinced that there was a trick to making money on the internet, and that some of these people knew the trick. If only I could get into what they are doing, I would never have to worry about finances again. I mean, just think about it – If he made $25,000 out of $1,800, can you imagine how much money I could make out of $4,800? I can, and the answer was $136.
Do you have a class A, B, or C motorhome? What about a pop-up, travel trailer, or fifth wheel? Then put your recreational vehicle to work when you're not using it. RVshare is an on-demand platform that connects RV owners with renters. It's completely free to use and according to their website, you can earn $120 – $365 a day! Booked rentals include 24/7 roadside assistance (so you know your RV is in good hands) and RV rental insurance. RVshare has been featured on CNN, the New York Times, NBC, Huffington Post, along with numerous other publications.

If this sounds cynical, she's also absolutely upfront about what she offers: "Videos, photos, and friendship — I am very adamant that I am not a porn robot. Guys can buy real videos of me and my partner. I won't just switch it on for the cash. I would rather know what I am selling is genuine. I don't cam for this reason: I can't just pretend to be horny for the money. I'd rather pass."


Our studio has everything in house for creating online businesses and it’s still not easy. We know how to do the market research, design sites, SEO, SEM and create content. Even with all this in house, you still can’t throw it all up on the wall and hope it sticks. It takes total focus. After that you have to constantly make adjustments and decisions based on profitability and ROI. I couldn’t imagine how tough it must be for those who have to constantly outsource these items.
Using Fiverr is a great way to pick up work. Once you have signed up you can advertise your services. Fiver allows you to create your own gigs, whether you are offering web design, digital marketing, writing, or something else. You can choose how much you want to charge (it can be more than a fiver) and people will then contact you if they are interested in working with you. Fiverr will not only help you get experience if you are just starting off as a freelancer, it will also help you earn some extra cash.
Making money online will take work and dedication.  This series is not meant to be a get rich quick scheme on how to make money online.  You will often do just as much if not more work as your day job.  The difference is that you will love what you’re because it’s something that allows you to control your time while doing something you love or are at the very least skilled or interested in doing.
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